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Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon

26 février, 1928 - 11 janvier, 2014

Biographie


A deeply divisive figure, Ariel Sharon lived a long and storied life. Ariel Sharon was a Statesmen, General, Commander and the 11th Prime Minister of Isreal. His military career lasted almost as long as his life. In most of the wars fought by Israel, Sharon played a key role. He was a Commander in the 1948 War of Independence and the 1956 Suez Crisis and as Minister of Defense he helped orchastrate the 1982 Lebanon War. Later in his life Ariel Sharon joined the Lukid party and held many positions including Minister of Defense. In 2000 he led the party and served as Prime Minister until he fell into a coma in 2006. He would remain in a vegetative state until his death on January 11th, 2014. He is survived by his two sons.


Sharon was born in Kfar Malal to parents Shmuel Scheinerman and Dvora Scheinerman: Belarusian Jews who left for Israel fleeing Bolshevik forces and the pogroms during the Russian Civil War. His parents gave birth to a daughter in 1926 and Sharon two years later. Sharon at a young age became politically active, joining the youth Zionist Movement. As a teenager Sharon joined several military battalions and paramilitary forces.


Sharon was widowed twice. His first wife Margalit gave birth to his first son Gur. She died in a tragic car accident in 1962. 5 years later this son Gur was accidentally shot and died. He eventually married Margalit's sister Lily who gave them two sons, Omri and Gilad. Lily died in 2000 from cancer.


Sharon's military career was impressive in scale and scope. He was part of a small military unit leading up to the 1948 War of Independence which gained a reputation for quick and deadly forays into enemy encampments. Sharon was wounded in battle and after his recovery was promoted to Company Commander. He left in 1950 to pursue his studies at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. This however would not last long as he was called upon a year and a half later by the Prime Minister to return to battle and command the infamous Unit 101. During the 1956 Suez Crisis, Sharon led a Paratroopers Brigade and was heavily criticized for actions resulting in heavy Israeli losses. He would subsequently fight and lead troops in two more wars before being relieved of duty.


Sharon's poltical career was no less interesting. He was instrumental in the formation of the Likud party in 1973. He rose up the ranks of the Likud party and played key roles in several Israeli governments. His prominence and stature eventually led him to become Minister of Defense in 1981. One of his biggest political crises came during the 1982 Lebanon War. The Sabra and Shatlia Massacre resulted in the deaths of between 750 and 3,500 Palestinians. The Kahan Report placed the blame indirectly on Ariel Sharon and Israeli forces and Sharon was eventually forced to resign from his position. Sharon stayed in politics however and remained as a minister without portfolio for years. He became Foreign Minister right before becoming Prime Minister. He would be elected Prime Minister in 2001. Sharon was instrumental in the unilateral disengagement plan that was never truely successful. He eventually left the Likud party to form a new party but before he could run for re-election, fell into a coma.


Famously overweight, Sharon was in bad health during his time as Prime Minister. in December 2005 he suffered a minor stoke. During his time in hospital, doctors discovered a heart defect requiring surgery and ordered bed rest pending surgery. Instead, Sharon returned to work and suffered a stroke on January 4th, the day before surgery. Many pundits believe that had Sharon stayed in good health, he may have secured peace with the Palestinians. He stayed in a coma for 8 years before passing away on January 11th, 2014.

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Famille

À propos de

Nom Ariel Sharon
Date de naissance 26 février, 1928
Date de décès 11 janvier, 2014
Ville natale Kfar Malal, IL 
Citation préférée "I am 73 years old. I've seen everything. I've met the kings, the queens, the presidents, I've been around the world. I have one thing that I would like to do: to try to reach peace."
Cimetière

Mémorial

Cimetière Sderot
Endroit שדרות
IL
Numéro du monument Anemones Hill, Northern Negev Sycamore Ranch(Havat Shikmim)
Géolocalisation 45.5166064, -73.68688449999999
Fait marquant

Faits marquants

1928 Born in Kfar Malal
1938 Joins the Zionist Youth Movement
1942 Joins Gadna, a youth paramilitary group
1947 Leads troops during the 1948 War of Independence
1949 Becomes company commander of the Golani Brigade's reconnaissance unit
1950 Begins studies in history and Middle Eastern culture at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
1951 Returns to the military as head and founder of the famous Unit 101
1956 Commands a paratrooper unit in the Suez War
1962 His first wife dies
1964 Becomes head of the Infantry School Commander and Head of Army Training Branch
1967 His son Gur dies
1973 Joins Likud party
1973 Is called back into the Army for the Yom Kippur War
1975 Becomes a special aide to Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
1981 Becomes Minister of Defense
1982 Orchestrates the Lebanon War
1983 Forced to resign following the Kahan Report on the massacre of Palestinians
1984 Minister for Trade and Industry
1990 Minister of Housing Construction
1996 Minister of National Infrastructure
1998 Foreign Minister
2000 His second wife Lily dies of cancer
2001 Elected Prime Minister
2003 First Israeli Prime Minister to visit India
2003 Endorses the Roadmap for Peace
2005 Leaves Likud to form the Kadima party
2005 Has a minor stroke and enters the hospital. He soon leaves to return to work
2006 Falls into a coma
2013 His condition worsens by December 2013
2014 Passes away at the age of 85

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